A lot of people do not know that dogs can have skin problems, much like humans. Sometimes these problems are so bad that they could lead to other health issues. If you want to be aware of the most common skin problems in dogs, read below!
The most common skin ailments your dog might experience are skin allergies caused by environmental factors. These include pollen, grass, dust mites, and other allergens that can set off an allergic reaction if they come into contact with your dog’s skin. These reactions mostly appear as dry, itchy, or flaky skin accompanied by hair loss and redness. Also, skin allergies are one of the most prominent causes of crusty scabs on the skin. If a skin allergy is present in your dog, there could also be a secondary infection. Make sure to keep your dog away from all possible allergens and consult a veterinarian if he shows any signs of skin allergies.
Another common cause of skin problems in canines is bacterial or fungal infections resulting from injury to the skin, hair loss due to stress, weak immune system, or poor grooming. Veterinarians can prescribe antibiotics for bacterial infection, or antifungal creams, or even oral medication for fungal infections. Skin infections manifest as redness, swelling, open sores, and oozing. Also, in case your dog’s skin is infected he will probably lick or scratch the area excessively. To make your dog more comfortable, make sure to bathe the area with a gentle shampoo and try to keep your dog hydrated.
Flea Allergy Dermatitis and Other Parasites
One of the worst skin problems in dogs is flea allergy dermatitis, which happens when your dog’s skin comes into contact with fleas or flea saliva. It manifests as very red, itchy skin covered with bumps and scabs. Your dog may also develop secondary skin infections due to constant scratching and biting. If your dog has flea allergy dermatitis, there will be evidence of this in the form of brownish-black specks on his bedding or even around your home as dried flea feces. Veterinarians usually prescribe corticosteroids or insecticide baths to relieve the itching.
Skin parasites are another common cause of skin problems in dogs, especially in puppies and old dogs that cannot keep themselves clean easily. Fleas and ticks commonly cause skin infections resulting from constant scratching and hair loss. If this is not enough, they can also spread diseases such as Lyme disease. The easiest way to avoid this problem is by administering an oral medication that kills all parasites inside your dog’s body. Also, be sure to keep your yard, house, and car clean.
This disease includes a group of issues related to the endocrine system, which regulates hormones responsible for the growth function, and metabolism of the body. In dogs, Cushing’s disease leads to a hormonal imbalance that manifests as increased thirst, urination, and appetite with sudden weight gain, thinning skin with darkening pigmentation on the skin, and fatty deposits in the abdomen. Also, Cushing’s disease is closely related to diabetes, which means that it might be accompanied by weakness or fatigue, frequent urination and drinking, weight loss, and changes in the scent of your dog’s breath. If you notice these symptoms in your dog, immediately take him to a veterinarian for further treatment.
Cancer Of The Skin
Unfortunately, dogs are prone to several types of cancer including melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and lymphosarcoma. The earlier this type of cancer is detected, the better chance you have to save your dog’s life. Also, if there are any marks on the skin that do not heal, they might indicate cancer. If possible, ask your veterinarian for an appointment so he can examine every inch of your dog’s skincare and check for lumps or nodules as this is how it’s also manifested in humans. Skin cancer in dogs is also often accompanied by hair loss. Make sure to take your dog to the vet and begin essential treatment for skin cancer because early detection and treatment increase survival rates.
Skin problems in dogs are relatively common and they account for a lot of visits to the veterinary clinic. Make sure to keep your dog clean and comfortable by consulting a veterinarian as soon as you notice any abnormal changes in his skin. Also, try to avoid exposing your dog to the elements and parasites. If you want to ensure that your dog is healthy and comfortable, you must know of the most common skin conditions in dogs. Some of these include flea allergy dermatitis, parasites, Cushing’s disease, and cancer. Make sure to take your dog to the vet if he shows any signs of discomfort or illness!